Kyng Chaos
“The beast is actively interested only in now, and, as it is always now and always shall be, there is an eternity of time for the accomplishment of objects.”
- the wisdom of Tarzan

This is an old revision of the document!

Unix Compatibility Frameworks

Mac OS X frameworks of various Unix image format and GIS libraries, which are the base requirements for most software available on this site. All frameworks are built for Leopard and Snow Leopard, except as noted. For older systems, see the download archive.

Current Frameworks



Only the standard surface and font backends are included, that is: image, PDF, SVG and PS, and FreeType fonts. There were problems with Quartz tests, and I figure if you're programming to use Quartz (it's not just a simple matter of telling cairo to use Quartz) you might as well program it directly with OSX APIs.

:!: Note: cairo conflicts with the "Cairo" framework from the OS X Gtk framework package. They are not compatible. The only option right now is to choose - my framework for GRASS and MapServer, or Gtk cairo for whatever app needs it (nothing here, of course). I don't feel like changing anything as I don't really give a ____ about Gtk, but maybe I'll figure out something… or maybe not.



Standard framework build of Tcl/Tk Aqua. This will NOT be updated to 8.5.9 because that breaks compatibility with GRASS NVIZ.

GDAL Complete

This is a convenience installer that includes all the current versions of the frameworks below. There is no need to download and install these frameworks individually if this package is installed. The GDAL plugins and other extras are not included.

Note about updates: after initial installation, when an framework is updated, you may want to download the individual installer to save on download time, unless it's the GDAL framework that is updated (because that's 80% of this package) or many frameworks change.

Individual Frameworks

These are all included in GDAL Complete above. But, some extras may not be.


The UnixImageIO framework. Common graphics format libraries in a single framework. Image libraries included: GIF, JPEG, PNG, TIFF, GeoTIFF, JasPer UUID.



GEOS Python extension included.


Includes the FTS3 search, ICU unicode, R-Tree indexing and Spatialite extensions, and Proxy Locking, Column Metadata and Memory Management features are enabled. Pysqlite2 Python extension included.


GDAL 1.8

GDAL 1.7

Includes Python GDAL library and tools. Extra plugins and R package are available as separate downloads above. The GDAL Python libraries and scripts use the system Python, but Python support will also install and work for the Python (2.5 on Leopard, 2.6 on Snow). The GDAL framework includes a copy of the Numpy installer. R support requires the R framework and application.

Old Panther & Tiger

The frameworks will not be updated further for Panther or Tiger. Some are not available for, and will not be updated for, Leopard. If you need up-to-date frameworks for Panther or Tiger, use the build scripts above (or build standard libraries from source for the discontinued frameworks, like Xerces).

These frameworks have build scripts available in the developer section below:

  • SQLite3
  • FreeType
  • PROJ
  • GEOS
  • UnixImageIO
  • GSL

This framework has a framework build option in the source:

These frameworks are discontinued and will be built as static libraries (or not used at all), to be included as needed in other software:

  • FFTW3 (used in GRASS only)
  • Xerces (used in GDAL only)
  • GD (used in MapServer and PHP, small enough to be static)
  • PDFlib (used in MapServer and PHP, other PDF option available) :!: not used

These frameworks are in limbo (undecided or to be updated):

  • GraphicsMagick (undecided)

Developers and Do-It-Yourselfers

Build Scripts

Developer Notes

These frameworks were designed to be easy to use as both normal frameworks for OS X apps, and as normal Unix libraries. This means that most of the time, configure scripts should need little or no changes to use these frameworks. Follow normal framework procedures for including them in Xcode projects, or for using them as frameworks in other software. All of these have been checked for framework-style includes internally or between them, such as #include <PROJ/projects.h> - many were OK as is, some needed some adjustments.

In a Unix configure-make-install project, they can be used as is, without messing around with patching configure. There is a symlink folder at the top level that acts as a mini unix library environment, called 'unix'. ie in GDAL it would be /Library/Frameworks/GDAL.framework/unix. This has the usual assortment of bin/include/lib subfolders, and symlinks with a normal lib*.dylib style library name. You would use this 'unix' folder in configure --with options just like /usr/local. ie: --with-proj=/Library/Frameworks/PROJ.framework/unix, or --with-gdal=/Library/Frameworks/GDAL.framework/unix/bin/gdal-config.

software/frameworks.1304265951.txt.gz · Last modified: 2011/05/01 09:05 by kyngchaos
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